100th ANNIVERSARY OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE

By Ann Cramer, Hocking County Historical Society

This month we mark the centennial of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which established women’s right to vote, or suffrage.  For almost a century of discussions, protests, and movements, the 19th Amendment passed both houses of Congress in 1919. But a majority of 36 states had to ratify it in order for it to become law.

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Port Columbus-America’s Greatest Air Harbor Part II

A photograph of the original 1929 Port Columbus terminal taken on July 13, 2019.

 

by Douglas Terpstra

The first two buildings ever constructed at John Glenn Columbus International Airport are still standing. Construction of the administration building/passenger terminal and a hangar for the Transcontinental Air Transport Company (TAT) began at the then-Port Columbus Airport in May of 1929. Although not quite finished, the terminal was open to visitors when the TAT began passenger service from the airport on July 8, 1929. The terminal was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1979 on its 50th anniversary. Although not normally open to the public, ASC architectural historian Douglas Terpstra and company owner Shaune Skinner attended an open house at the terminal held on July 13, 2019 to celebrate its 90th anniversary. The Columbus Historical Society and other organizations seeking to preserve and restore the building had historical displays set up in the building. Still owned by the Columbus Regional Airport Authority, the building has been vacant for years, and efforts are underway to find a new use, potentially as an air and space museum.

The open house at the original 1929 Port Columbus terminal on July 13, 2019.

 

The exterior of the building has a relatively simple design of yellow brick accented with darker bricks. A projecting octagonal control tower is located at its northwestern corner and is topped by a band of alternating triangles and diamonds. Internally, the building has a concrete frame with brick walls. The ground floor originally included a lounge, a waiting room, a ticket office, a dining room, a kitchen, a newsstand, rest rooms, and a lunch and soda counter. The upper floor originally included an office for the TAT, rest rooms, a pilots’ dressing room, a pilots’ lounge, the airport administration office, the airport manager’s office, an office for federal Department of Commerce officials, and offices for companies operating from the airport. The airport manager’s office was located in the tower with broad sweeping views of the airport from the large windows. The control room at the top of the tower was reached via a spiral staircase located just outside of the airport manager’s office. Expansion of the terminal building began after World War II ended; by the 1970s, the building had additions on its western and northern sides. These additions were removed in a restoration that begun in 1984. Unfortunately, water damage from the leaking roof and subsequent mold infestation has led to the removal of most interior walls and original wall surfaces.

Antique vehicles at the July 13, 2019 open house with the original 1929 TAT hangar in the background.

Following World War II, the facilities at Port Columbus were inadequate to handle the growing demand for air travel. Take-offs and landings grew from 64,500 in 1940 to 218,258 in 1947. With an eye to expanding the airport, the city began purchasing land in 1948 until, by 1959, the property had a total area of approximately 2,200 acres. Voters approved bond issues for the airport expansion project in 1951 and 1956. In 1952, the east-west runway was extended from 4,500 to 8,000 feet with parallel taxiways to accommodate the large airplanes entering use. Later known as the south parallel runway, this runway was relocated to the south in a project completed in 2013.

In anticipation of future growth, the city decided to move airport operations from the original terminal on Fifth Avenue to a more centrally located site. Work on a new control tower began in 1953, and a new $4 million terminal building was dedicated in September 1958. The runway was extended again to 10,700 feet, making it the longest commercial runway between New York and Tucson. A second east-west runway was constructed north of the new terminal around this same time. Trans World Airlines (TWA) became the first air carrier to begin jet service at Port Columbus in 1961. With the establishment of a US Customs facility in 1965, Port Columbus reached international status. In 1970, the city opened Bolton Field southwest of downtown to take over much of the general aviation traffic and relieve congestion at Port Columbus. Projects to renovate and expand the 1958 terminal began in the 1970s and continued into recent years.

A fireplace in the former location of the pilots’ lounge on the second floor of the original 1929 Port Columbus terminal.

Other early airport terminals survive elsewhere in Ohio, although they are not as old as the Columbus terminal. The terminal at the Akron-Fulton International Airport (NRHP listed 2001) is an Art Deco-style building completed in 1931 and now houses private offices. The 1936 Moderne-style terminal building at Cincinnati’s Lunken Airport now houses offices and a restaurant.

 

 

Drawing of the 1958 Port Columbus terminal and control tower from a display board at the July 13, 2019 open house.

 

The 1958 Port Columbus terminal as it appeared in 2016 following numerous expansions. The 1953 control tower is visible to the right of center, and its replacement, opened in 2004, is visible at the far left.

Welcome Nora Hillard

Nora Hillard has been with ASC Group’s Indianapolis office since January as a general technician.  She is a field technician on archaeological surveys, processes artifacts in the lab, assists on historic architectural surveys and works on NEPA documents.

Safely Returning to Our Offices

In compliance with State and Federal health and safety recommendations, ASC Group has been working remotely the past two months. We are now in process of returning back to our two Ohio offices in accordance with new guidance from the state of Ohio.  ASC is planning our return to our regional offices in the upcoming weeks. We plan to continue practicing safe social distancing and following recommended best practices to maintain the health and safety of our workers, our clients and community alike.

COVID-19 Update

We care about our employees, clients, and community and are working remotely to ensure the health and safety of everyone. We have full access to e-mail, voice mail, and our network, and will continue to operate as normally as possible. We hope through these efforts we will be back to normal very soon.  Thank you for your patience and understanding. Take care and stay safe.

ASC Group – 34 Years of Service

On April 1, 2020, ASC Group began its 34th year of NEPA consulting services. Congratulations to Shaune Skinner, President, and Elsie Immel-Blei, Vice President and the entire ASC Staff for their continued success in providing quality services to our clients.

Welcome Sam Pasewark

In November 2019, Sam Pasewark joined the ASC team as our Ecological/NEPA Technician in the Harrisburg office. Mr. Pasewark combines his experiences with ecological fieldwork and technical document preparation to his position. He has used these skills to assist with the many NEPA documents required by our projects including: CE documents, T&E Species Coordination/Analysis, Wetland Reports and Delineations, and Phase I reports. Please help me in welcoming Sam to our team.

Welcome Chris Sheldon

Mr. Sheldon brings three years of consulting experience to the Harrisburg office team. He is skilled at ecological fieldwork and has extensive experience in environmental science of the Eastern United States. He has taken his experience with Wetland Delineations, Habitat Evaluations, Rare, Threatened, and Endangered (RTE) species, non-native invasive species surveys and applied them to many projects and permits. He is knowledgeable about environmental laws and practice. Please feel free to contact Chris with your environmental resources needs at csheldon@ascgroup.net.”

Stuart Jennings Prequalified in Noise

ASC Group is proud to announce that Stuart Jennings has been prequalified with ODOT in the Noise Analysis and Abatement Design service area.  He joins Michael Stafford who also holds this prequalification.  Feel free to contact Stu for any Noise services at 614-268-2514 or email him at sjennings@ascgroup.net.