Florida Tropical House: A house made of stucco
The Florida Tropical House
by Leah Konicki
Showcasing a State
The state of Florida sponsored this house to showcase Florida and to promote tourism to the state. It was the only state-sponsored house in the original exhibition. Originally known as the Florida House, the house is covered in light-weight concrete stucco, painted tropical pink. Other materials used in the building include travertine, limestone, and clay tile, all of which are native to Florida. Now known as the Florida Tropical House, it was designed by architect Robert Law Weed of Miami and is an example of Art Deco. The design of the house, inspired by Florida’s tropical climate before air conditioning was common, includes an outdoor terrace that helped blend together the indoors and outdoors. The house’s flat roof was designed to resemble the deck of an ocean liner, and included a loggia and recreation room. Because of the harsh Midwestern climate, changes had to be made to the house. These changes included the addition of a basement and converting the outdoor recreation area on the roof to a traditional roof. Renovation of the house began in the mid-1990s; work included stabilizing and replacing most of the steel structure, and restoring the original hardware, window frames, and an aluminum staircase, which involved painstakingly removing layers of paint.
The Century of Progress houses are open to the public one day a year (in non-Covid years) at an annual tour co-sponsored by Indiana Landmarks and the National Park Service. The tour draws a crowd of avid preservationists along with the architecturally curious. While the owners generously allow tours of their homes, no pictures of the interiors are allowed.
Read about the Cypress Log House: A house built of logs
Cypress Log House: A house built of logs
The Cypress Log House
by Leah Konicki
Longevity in a Traditional Way
Unlike the other houses included in the exhibit, this house was not built of innovative materials, but was rather intended to show the many uses and longevity of red Cypress. Designed by Murray D. Hetherington of Chicago, the one-story house features an enclosed porch, exposed rafters, and a carved bargeboard. The exterior siding is actually cypress log siding that gives the appearance of solid log construction. The house in all ways resembles a rustic mountain cabin. The cabin’s great room includes a limestone fireplace, which adds to the rustic character of the structure.
The house has been fully restored as part of the partnership between the National Park Service and Indiana Landmarks.
Read about the The Armco-Ferro House: A house made of steel
The Armco-Ferro House: A house made of steel
The Armco-Ferro House
by Leah Konicki
A House Made of Steel (with Ohio Connections)
The Armco-Ferro House was jointly sponsored by the American Rolling Company, better known as Armco, from Middletown, Ohio, and the Ferro Enamel Corporation of Cleveland. The companies collaborated to present a demonstration house promoting steel as a residential building material. The all-steel two-story house was constructed of porcelain-enamel steel panels on the exterior, which were bolted together without a framework. Despite the innovative use of steel as a material, the house appears very traditional, resembling the American Four Square house type built throughout the U.S. in the early decades of the twentieth century. The house has a flat roof; a porch was added in the second year of the fair, while the garage was converted to living space. Restoration on the house was begun in 1997, with the work completed in 2011.
The Armco-Ferro House was one of three steel houses to be featured in the Century of Progress Houses of Tomorrow exhibit. During the exhibit, the house featured wallpapers by Mayflower on the interior, which generated as much, if not more, interest than the all steel construction.
Around the time of the fair, the Hobart Manufacturing Company in Troy, Ohio, was also experimenting with pre-fabricated steel houses, branded as Hobart Welded Steel Houses. Perhaps the best-known all steel house is the Lustron, manufactured by the Lustron Corporation of Columbus, Ohio. In the years following World War II, the company had some limited success with porcelain-enamel steel panel houses that utilized a similar construction technique to the Armco-Ferro House.
The introduction to this series is located here.