- Phase I History Architecture Survey
- Phase I Archaeological Survey
ASC Group conducted a Phase I cultural resources survey for Avondale Bridge replacement on County Route 5/02 over Dry Fork River, McDowell County, West Virginia. The undertaking involves the construction a new bridge for CR 5/02 over Dry Fork River. The existing Avondale Bridge will be replaced with a new bridge either at the existing location or at an upstream or downstream location. The project area is in a rugged section of West Virginia, located in the southernmost county in the state.
The literature review indicated that there were no previously recorded archaeological sites in or adjacent to the project area, but one site and three previous surveys had been completed within 1 mile of the project area. No previously recorded architectural history resources or surveys are present within the Area of Potential Effects. The archaeological survey utilized a combination of visual inspection, shovel test pits, and auger coring to examine the project area. The residential front yard on the west side of CR 5/02 was the only testable area. The area was tested with four shovel test pits and two auger cores. The soils encountered indicated that the area has been impacted by modern road/bridge construction, residential activities, and frequent flooding. No artifacts or buried cultural materials were encountered in this area. No further archaeological work is recommended in the proposed project area.
The architectural history survey delineated an Area of Potential Effects (APE) based on potential visual effects resulting from the undertaking. Eight resources 50 years of age or older were identified within the APE. Architectural Location 06, the Dry Fork Branch of the Norfolk & Western Railroad (now Norfolk Southern), is recommended as eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) for its role in helping to open McDowell County to coal and lumber extraction in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The remaining architectural history resources lack significance and/or integrity and are recommended as not eligible.